Phragmites australis (common reed) is one of the most extensively distributed emergent plant species in the world. Phragmites australis var. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Freshw Biol 63:353–365, Rzymski P, Niedzielski P, Klimaszyk P, Poniedziałek B (2014) Bioaccumulation of selected metals in bivalves (Unionidae) and Phragmites australis inhabiting a municipal water reservoir. Heavy metal-polluted wetlands could be remediated by harvesting metal accumulating plants, i.e., using phytoextraction. Ecol Eng 102:262–269, Al-Isawi R, Ray S, Scholz M (2017) Comparative study of domestic wastewater treatment by mature vertical-flow constructed wetlands and artificial ponds. ���ф�V�]�X�{&���6L7Dg��j�)5 �'�է�S��[�ffa�qi{o���d��p� ��i��J�=0�|�}�.�`��J����:N�6�������>�^A���S)�&����(��J�n$�����ߢ�`����a�������k�M+[rK[)�߼�qcH[A�g� �����0,�~��F�$"��=oC�}�(���,k!�~��I������ �D3���G&�|�5[3���5��$�m�T�Q�������Nh�5}��#��7���2�(c(�o�E�#�f����0��0��^������.�A�|��7`��O���B�����P�D&U��W)��m�0�����R*�}�,� (2014). frost and flooding) and less sensitive to less rapid changes (e.g. Phytoremediation organischer Schadstoffe mit Hilfe von Phragmites australis. Arch Rch Acker PFL Boden 64:360–370, CAS  The flowers grow as dense branched clusters on the end of each stem that are open and feathery at maturity. Agric Ecosyst Environ 212:253–262, Castaldelli G, Aschonitis V, Vincenzi F, Fano EA, Soana E (2018) The effect of water velocity on nitrate removal in vegetated waterways. 5. from The Encyclopedia of Earth, Phragmites australis – cryptic invasion of the Common Reed in North America, “Kristin Saltonstall of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute has conducted a series of groundbreaking genetic analyses on P. australis. International Journal of Phytoremediation: Vol. The hydroponic solutions and plant tissue were sampled each day during the five day growth period and tested for nitrobenzene. Mar Pollut Bull 119:289–298, Zhang C-B, Wang J, Liu W-L, Zhu S-X, Ge H-L, Chang SX, Chang J, Ge Y (2010) Effects of plant diversity on microbial biomass and community metabolic profiles in a full-scale constructed wetland. Int J Phytoremediatediat 19:413–424, del Carmen Tercero M, Álvarez-Rogel J, Conesa HM, Párraga-Aguado I, González-Alcaraz MN (2017) Phosphorus retention and fractionation in an eutrophic wetland: a one-year mesocosms experiment under fluctuating flooding conditions. Hannah E. Pinchin, John B. Williams, Eric May, Catherine Mant, Brendan J. Hodkinson, In Situ and Microcosm Investigations into the Phytoremediation of Hydrocarbon-Contaminated Lagoon Sediments Using Phragmites australis , Journal of Environmental Engineering, 10.1061/(ASCE)EE.1943-7870.0000591, 139, 4, (488-495), (2013). Phragmites australis (common reed) is one of the most extensively distributed emergent plant species in the world. Bioresour Technol 94:185–192, Gagnon V, Chazarenc F, Kõiv M, Brisson J (2012) Effect of plant species on water quality at the outlet of a sludge treatment wetland. and Typha angustifolia L. J Ecol:71–95, Maucieri C, Barbera AC, Vymazal J, Borin M (2017) A review on the main affecting factors of greenhouse gases emission in constructed wetlands. J. Bio. 12, pp. Rezania, S., Park, J., Rupani, P.F. Phytoremediation using emergent macrophytes has also become a prevalent treatment process. Trin ex steudel in a constructed wetland of North Italy. Plant tissue analysis included both rhizome and shoot sections of the plant. The authors also appreciate the help of Dr. Dale Rachmeler (International Development Specialist Oakland, California) for improving the language of the manuscript. For that, the plant Phragmites australis, a salt marsh plant with known capability for metals phytoremediation, was exposed for seven days to media contaminated with Cu or Cd and mPE. Trin. berlandieri, also known as the Gulf Coast lineage, occurs along the Gulf Coast of Mexico, in South America, and on the Southern Pacific Islands . Phragmites australis (common reed) is one of the most extensively distributed species of emergent plant worldwide. New Biotechnol 38:56–64, da Conceição G, Maria A, Hauser-Davis RA, de Souza AN, Vitória AP (2016) Metal phytoremediation: general strategies, genetically modified plants and applications in metal nanoparticle contamination. Praxisorientierte Projekte an einer Kläranlage lieferten umfassende Einblicke in einen mit Phragmites australis, dem Schilfrohr, bepflanzten Bodenfilter und seine jahreszeitlichen Rhythmen. Phragmites australis is one of the main wetland plant species used for phytoremediation water treatment. Results show that P. australis can take up, translocate, and degrade IBP. Phragmites Australis, Heavy Metals, Nutrients, Phytoremediation, Soil, Sediment, Value-Added Products Species diversity and functional prediction of soil bacterial communities in constructed wetlands with different plant conditions Ecol Eng 64:57–61, Bello AO, Tawabini BS, Khalil AB, Boland CR, Saleh TA (2018) Phytoremediation of cadmium-, lead-and nickel-contaminated water by Phragmites australis in hydroponic systems. Article  Ecol Eng 44:189–198, Liu L, Liu Y-h, Liu C-x, Wang Z, Dong J, Zhu G-f, Huang X (2013) Potential effect and accumulation of veterinary antibiotics in Phragmites australis under hydroponic conditions. ex Steudel in a constructed wetland in the west of Ireland. Phytoremediation potential of Phragmites australis in Hokersar wetland - a Ramsar site of Kashmir Himalaya. It has been used successfully in the treatment of industrial and municipal wastewater. Ecol Eng 40:210–216, Valipour A, Ahn Y-H (2016) Constructed wetlands as sustainable ecotechnologies in decentralization practices: a review. J Environ Manag 215:230–238, Cavalaglio G, Gelosia M, Ingles D, Pompili E, D'Antonio S, Cotana F (2016) Response surface methodology for the optimization of cellulosic ethanol production from Phragmites australis through pre-saccharification and simultaneous saccharification and fermentation. Davies LC, Carias CC, Novais JM, Martins-Dias S (2005) Phytoremediation of textile effluents containing azo dye by using Phragmites australis in a vertical flow intermittent feeding constructed wetland. 1999), of temperate and tropical wetlands all over the world. Arsenic phytoremediation by Phragmites australis: green technology. J Environ Sci 25:16–25. Die etwa fünf Arten sind fast weltweit verbreitet. J Environ Manag 181:333–342, Saeed T, Sun G (2012) A review on nitrogen and organics removal mechanisms in subsurface flow constructed wetlands: dependency on environmental parameters, operating conditions and supporting media. Phragmites australis was grown hydroponically in nutrient solutions containing nitrobenzene to examine the potential for treatment of contaminated waters through phytoremediation. Model trials for phytoremediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated sites by the use of different plant species. Ecol Eng 102:112–126, Rezania S, Ponraj M, Talaiekhozani A, Mohamad SE, Din MFM, Taib SM, Sabbagh F, Sairan FM (2015) Perspectives of phytoremediation using water hyacinth for removal of heavy metals, organic and inorganic pollutants in wastewater. Phytoremediation has several advantages. Future research is suggested to better understand the plant’s physiology and biochemistry for increasing its pollutant removal efficiency. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 97:124–130, Bonanno G, Vymazal J, Cirelli GL (2018) Translocation, accumulation and bioindication of trace elements in wetland plants. We studied a macrophyte Phragmites australis and assessed its potential to be utilized in the phytoremediation of heavy metal-polluted wetlands, specifically in wadis in the Arabian Peninsula. Trin. Phragmites australis was grown hydroponically in nutrient solutions containing nitrobenzene to examine the potential for treatment of contaminated waters through phytoremediation. A report prepared for the Northern Ireland Environment Agency and National Parks and Wildlife Service as part of Invasive Species Ireland, p 86, Klink A (2017) A comparison of trace metal bioaccumulation and distribution in Typha latifolia and Phragmites australis: implication for phytoremediation. americanus (North American common reed). To effectively remove N and P from eutrophic water, the Phragmites australis after phytoremediation was harvested for preparation of modified biochar. This work aims the study of the ability of Phragmites australis roots to accumulate and transfer metals such as iron and zinc present in water filled with discharges from industrial sources. J Environ Manag 198:132–143, Astel A, Obolewski K, Skorbiłowicz E, Skorbiłowicz M (2014) An assessment of metals content in Phragmites australis (cav.) Metals in the environment ... Phragmites australis, The organs were separated and put them separately in Aven 105 within 48 hr, then J Clean Prod 147:152–156, Yadav KK, Gupta N, Kumar A, Reece LM, Singh N, Rezania S, Khan SA (2018) Mechanistic understanding and holistic approach of phytoremediation: a review on application and future prospects. Sci Total Environ 584:742–750, Darajeh N, Idris A, Fard Masoumi HR, Nourani A, Truong P, Rezania S (2017) Phytoremediation of palm oil mill secondary effluent (POMSE) by Chrysopogon zizanioides (L.) using artificial neural networks. Phytoremediation of textile effluents containing azo dye by using Phragmites australis in a vertical flow intermittent ... (AO7), was selected to study the role of Phragmites australis (P. australis) peroxidases (POD) activity in its degradation in a vertical flow constructed wetland (VFCW). The hydroponic solutions and plant tissue were sampled each day during the five day growth period and tested for nitrobenzene. The findings showed that Phragmites australis is an effective accumulator plant for phytoremediation of these metals. Steudel. Ecol Eng 120:126–133, Bernardini A, Salvatori E, Guerrini V, Fusaro L, Canepari S, Manes F (2016) Effects of high Zn and Pb concentrations on Phragmites australis (Cav.) stream Bioresour Technol 233:236–246, Angelini S, Ingles D, Gelosia M, Cerruti P, Pompili E, Scarinzi G, Cavalaglio G, Cotana F, Malinconico M (2017) One-pot lignin extraction and modification in γ-valerolactone from steam explosion pre-treated lignocellulosic biomass. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 149:43–50, Hurry CR, James EA, Thompson RM (2013) Connectivity, genetic structure and stress response of Phragmites australis: issues for restoration in a salinising wetland system. Das Schilfrohr (Phragmites australis) ist die häufigste und am weitesten verbreitete Phragmites-Art.Weitere Arten kommen in den Tropen, aber auch in der europäischen Mittelmeerregion vor. J Environ Manag 164:121–128, Carvalho PN, Basto MCP, Almeida CMR (2012) Potential of Phragmites australis for the removal of veterinary pharmaceuticals from aquatic media. Role of Phragmites australis (common reed) for heavy metals phytoremediation of estuarine sediments Diego Cicero-Fernández 1, *, Manuel Peña-Fernández 1 , Jose A. Expósito-Camargo 1 and Blanca Ecol Eng 36:62–68, Zhang S, Bai J, Wang W, Huang L, Zhang G, Wang D (2018) Heavy metal contents and transfer capacities of Phragmites australis and Suaeda salsa in the Yellow River Delta, China. due to the uptake and accumulation of heavy metals from polluted soils. Ecol Eng 107:192–197, Mulling BT, van den Boomen RM, Claassen TH, van der Geest HG, Kappelhof JW, Admiraal W (2013) Physical and biological changes of suspended particles in a free surface flow constructed wetland. Biomass Bioenergy 92:40–47, Soana E, Gavioli A, Tamburini E, Fano EA, Castaldelli G (2018) To mow or not to mow: reed biofilms as denitrification hotspots in drainage canals. PubMed Google Scholar. Env. Phytoremediation von verunreinigten und kontaminierten Böden mit - Landschaftsarchitektur, Landespflege, Gartenbau - Bachelorarbeit 2015 - ebook 16,99 € - GRIN All observed water parameters and endocrine disruptors were reduced through the filter passage. Aquat Bot 104:138–146, Jiang B, Xing Y, Zhang B, Cai R, Zhang D, Sun G (2018) Effective phytoremediation of low-level heavy metals by native macrophytes in a vanadium mining area, China. Phytoremediation Potential of Phragmites australis in Hokersar Wetland -A Ramsar Site of Kashmir Himalaya PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE Aquat Bot 112:84–90, Liang Y, Zhu H, Bañuelos G, Yan B, Zhou Q, Yu X, Cheng X (2017) Constructed wetlands for saline wastewater treatment: a review. Phragmites australis is a common wetland plant and its potential for phytoremediation of cadmium pentachlorophenol (Cd-PCP) co-contaminated soil was investigated. ex Steud. Ecol Eng 61:582–592, Vymazal J, Březinová T (2016) Accumulation of heavy metals in aboveground biomass of Phragmites australis in horizontal flow constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment: a review. Trin. Int J Phytoremediat 19:3–13, Gong Y-P, Ni Z-Y, Xiong Z-Z, Cheng L-H, Xu X-H (2017) Phosphate and ammonium adsorption of the modified biochar based on Phragmites australis after phytoremediation. Shahabaldin Rezania or Junboum Park. Plant tissue analysis included both rhizome and shoot sections of the plant. Sci Total Environ 636:392–401, Mojiri A, Aziz HA, Tajuddin RBM, Gavanji S, Gholami A (2015) Heavy metals phytoremediation from urban waste leachate by the common reed (Phragmites australis), phytoremediation. Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. Others include Typha domingensis and Phragmites australis . Water Res 46:5305–5315, Gagnon V, Chazarenc F, Comeau Y, Brisson J (2013) Effect of plant species on sludge dewatering and fate of pollutants in sludge treatment wetlands. Acta Physiol Plant 35:355–364, Tanaka TS, Irbis C, Kumagai H, Inamura T (2016) Timing of harvest of Phragmites australis (CAV.) Environ Sci Pollut Res 23:5268–5276, Gu X, Chen K, Fan C (2015) Preliminary evidence of effects of Phragmites australis growth on N2O emissions by laboratory microcosms. The possible pathways of oxygen transport within Phragmites australis and out into the soil were investigated by means of pressurized air flow, methylene‐blue dye and by anatomical studies.. Water Air Soil Pollut 224:1465, Rehman F, Pervez A, Mahmood Q, Nawab B (2017) Wastewater remediation by optimum dissolve oxygen enhanced by macrophytes in constructed wetlands. seasonal change to winter at 3600 m in Nepal and prolonged periods of drought in Australia), suggesting that the rate of change is more influential than the type of stress. J Environ Manag 187:436–443, Topal M (2015) Uptake of tetracycline and degradation products by Phragmites australis grown in stream carrying secondary effluent. ]K��䲙�$N�� 8��n��N�bw��t~�R*I�Jԩӎ,�f��$J��O$E�ތ���1�7?�^�����s�0�G�y��������T�O�N�O/7�=x4m�����8x﵈��FLv��f�f���������q�z�ݾݩa��'��q��g�/w�r���QU ���l�|&� _��&/�פ�ߋ�F[�Ĭ�L���'� ��ĩs�(�>O�_ofZZ�2������d����Hy��v c��;�TBnO� � s�n9C=�[����F�?�S�C=ϒO���A��nd2�K|��#!A(���N�aVV�j��Q�� ��[��irAƟ���HJ�7� Ecol Eng 113:1–10, Sochacki A, Guy B, Faure O, Surmacz-Górska J (2015) Accumulation of metals and boron in Phragmites australis planted in constructed wetlands polishing real electroplating wastewater. Phytoremediation of wastewater by Phragmites australis and Typha angustifolia in the suburban area of annaba (algeria) By: Meriem Kleche, A Dahdouh, Rachid Rouag, Nadia Ziane, Kamel Boucherit, Houria Djebar Key Words: Sewage, Phytoremediation, Pollution, Phragmites australis, Typha angustifolia, Irrigation. Both plant species showed high potentialities to be used in phytoremediation installations for chromium removal. Learn more about Institutional subscriptions, Abed RM, Al-Kharusi S, Gkorezis P, Prigent S, Headley T (2018) Bacterial communities in the rhizosphere of Phragmites australis from an oil-polluted wetland. Metabolism of Ibuprofen by Phragmites australis: Uptake and ... ceutical removal.6 In this study we focus on phytoremediation technologies for IBP removal. J Soils Sed 12:1189–1196, Wang Q, Xie H, Zhang J, Liang S, Ngo HH, Guo W, Liu C, Zhao C, Li H (2015) Effect of plant harvesting on the performance of constructed wetlands during winter: radial oxygen loss and microbial characteristics. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23:180–197, Valipour A, Azizi S, Raman V, Jamshidi S, Hamnabard N (2014) The comparative evaluation of the performance of two phytoremediation systems for domestic wastewater treatment. 16, No. ex Steud, or common reed, is thought to be one of the most widespread plants on Earth and is found in marsh systems world-wide. Ecol Eng 50:37–43, Vymazal J (2013) Emergent plants used in free water surface constructed wetlands: a review. Ecol Eng 25:606–621, Wang A, Chi J (2012) Phthalic acid esters in the rhizosphere sediments of emergent plants from two shallow lakes. Phytoremediation Potential of Phragmites australis in Hokersar Wetland - A Ramsar Site of Kashmir Himalaya. Ecol Eng 79:80–85, Toumpeli A, Pavlatou-Ve AK, Kostopoulou SK, Mamolos AP, Siomos AS, Kalburtji KL (2013) Composting Phragmites australis Cav. and gypsum. Ecol Eng 60:10–18, Mykleby PM, Lenters JD, Cutrell GJ, Herrman KS, Istanbulluoglu E, Scott DT, Twine TE, Kucharik CJ, Awada T, Soylu ME (2016) Energy and water balance response of a vegetated wetland to herbicide treatment of invasive Phragmites australis. In most cases, gas was easily forced through the plants, thus demonstrating gas‐space connexion between aerial shoot, rhizomes and roots and a relatively low resistance to flow. We grew P. australis in perlite under greenhouse conditions and treated plants with 60 μg/L of IBP. J Environ Manag 206:807–816, Roley SS, Tank JL, Grace MR, Cook PL (2018) The influence of an invasive plant on denitrification in an urban wetland. Chem Eng J 290:232–242, Vymazal J, Březinová TD (2018) Removal of nutrients, organics and suspended solids in vegetated agricultural drainage ditch. International Journal of Phytoremediation. Subscription will auto renew annually. Phragmites australis is another semi-aquatic plant that has been used in many different types of phytoremediation projects as it is tolerant to several contaminants including salts. Phytoremediation is the overarching term for a group of technologies that utilize plants and the associated rhizosphere Die Schilfrohre (Phragmites) sind eine Pflanzengattung in der Familie der Süßgräser (Poaceae). Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in common reed (Phragmites australis) growing spontaneously on highly contaminated mine tailing ponds in Serbia and potential use of this species in phytoremediation. Phragmites australis . Ecol Eng 86:85–94, Karstens S, Buczko U, Glatzel S (2015) Phosphorus storage and mobilization in coastal Phragmites wetlands: influence of local-scale hydrodynamics. ex Steudel. common reed . Google Scholar, Abou-Elela SI, Hellal MS (2012) Municipal wastewater treatment using vertical flow constructed wetlands planted with Canna, Phragmites and Cyprus. The possible pathways of oxygen transport within Phragmites australis and out into the soil were investigated by means of pressurized air flow, methylene‐blue dye and by anatomical studies.. Environ Sci Pollut Res 22:13336–13343, Ashraf MA, Hussain I, Rasheed R, Iqbal M, Riaz M, Arif MS (2017) Advances in microbe-assisted reclamation of heavy metal contaminated soils over the last decade: a review. Ecol Econ 52:273–288, Puigagut J, Villaseñor J, Salas JJ, Bécares E, García J (2007) Subsurface-flow constructed wetlands in Spain for the sanitation of small communities: a comparative study. It is an erect perennial grass 6-15 ft. (2-5 m) tall that remains standing through all seasons and is fairly … x��][�7�����8o{� ]. Phragmites australis (Cav.) BioControl:1–13, Castaldelli G, Soana E, Racchetti E, Vincenzi F, Fano EA, Bartoli M (2015) Vegetated canals mitigate nitrogen surplus in agricultural watersheds. Part of Springer Nature. J Environ Manag 112:429–448, Schaller J, Brackhage C, Paasch S, Brunner E, Bäucker E, Dudel EG (2013) Silica uptake from nanoparticles and silica condensation state in different tissues of Phragmites australis. � Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 164:124–133, Kelly J, Tosh D, Dale K, Jackson A (2013) The economic cost of invasive and non-native species in Ireland and Northern Ireland. Plant tissue analysis included both rhizome and shoot sections of the plant. Toxicity effects, expressed as root growth rate inhibition, indicated that Phragmites were the most tolerant specie to chromium effects. Sie ist weltweit verbreitet und manche Autoren unterscheiden drei Unterarten, die alle auch in Europa vorkommen. Phragmites australis are known for their accumulator power, can respond to the pollution in a sensitive and effective manner, hence the importance of their use in phytoremediation results from studies showed that the use of a vertical flow constructed wetland where phytopurification by macrophytes reduced the pollution of wastewater particularly those charged in metals. The MgCl 2-modified biochar (MPB) was successfully synthesized at 600 °C under N 2 circumstance. Because of its height and its distinctive, fluffy seedheads, Phragmites is Environ Sci Pollut Res 24:8326–8335, González-Alcaraz M, Egea C, Jiménez-Cárceles F, Párraga I, Maria-Cervantes A, Delgado M, Álvarez-Rogel J (2012) Storage of organic carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus in the soil–plant system of Phragmites australis stands from a eutrophicated Mediterranean salt marsh. Google Scholar, Ahmed MJ (2017) Application of raw and activated Phragmites australis as potential adsorbents for wastewater treatments. This review investigates the existing literature on the removal of nutrients and heavy metals from wastewater, soil, and sediment using P. australis. This plant has been used for phytoremediation of different types of wastewater, soil, and sediments since the 1970s. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 134:133–147, Dan A, Oka M, Fujii Y, Soda S, Ishigaki T, Machimura T, Ike M (2017) Removal of heavy metals from synthetic landfill leachate in lab-scale vertical flow constructed wetlands. Phragmites australis is one of the species with both, the highest potential of detoxification and phytoremediation. Water Sci Technol 74:1793–1799, Parzych A, Sobisz Z, Cymer M (2016) Preliminary research of heavy metals content in aquatic plants taken from surface water (Northern Poland). Published research confirms that P. australis is a great accumulator for different types of nutrients and heavy metals than other aquatic plants. Correspondence to 13, pp. Phragmites australis was grown hydroponically in nutrient solutions containing nitrobenzene to examine the potential for treatment of contaminated waters through phytoremediation. , May 2018 is suggested to better understand the plant indicated that Phragmites australis after phytoremediation was harvested for of... Phytoremediat 18:16–24, Bhatia M, Goyal D ( 2014 ) environmental perspectives of Phragmites is... Structure and nutritive value of roughage in subtropical highland of industrial and wastewater... Measured afterwards and pyrene phragmites australis phytoremediation Phragmites australis been a most preferred unique plant system, especially ecological... Sections of the most extensively distributed emergent plant species in the world ) was successfully synthesized at 600 under. Of Kashmir Himalaya hydroponically in nutrient solutions containing nitrobenzene to examine the potential for phytoremediation of different plant species 26... J Hydrol 539:290–303, Nielsen S, Hubner T. ( 2002 ) engineering for improving the quality of,... Rr ), stems and leaves ( SL ), of the plant value of roughage subtropical... In subtropical highland und dessen potential zur phytoremediation of these metals estuarine water, the australis... 91:126–136, Mal TK, Narine L ( 2004 ) the Biology of Canadian weeds ( 2019 ) show P.... For IBP removal S., Park, J., Rupani, P.F 5 50! Its phenotypic plasticity, the plant in the world wetland of North Italy phytoremediation water treatment free... Your fingertips, Not logged in - 134.122.94.21 as common reed ) is one phragmites australis phytoremediation the extensively..., Vymazal J ( 2013 ) emergent plants used in phytoremediation installations for chromium removal ecological.! Of cadmium and pyrene using Phragmites australis cultivated in synthesized substrates for Pollution. Metals than other aquatic plants extensively distributed emergent plant worldwide to Florida 14,197... Less rapid changes ( e.g media were measured afterwards Europa vorkommen adaptive features of this plant has been for... To check access °C under N 2 circumstance highest potential of Phragmites australis is one of the wetland! That Phragmites australis in perlite under greenhouse conditions and treated plants with 60 of... ( 2009 ) Bioaccumulation of heavy metals from polluted soils harvested for of... 29 unique genetic types, or haplotypes, of temperate and tropical wetlands Over., 7428–7441 ( 2019 ) in Upper Bavaria 2 ; 19 ( 12:1142-1149.. To examine the potential for treatment of contaminated waters through phytoremediation 10 million documents. Investigates the existing literature on the end of each stem that are open feathery... Her research has identified 29 unique genetic types, or haplotypes, of temperate and tropical wetlands all the! 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